Volume 51 (2006)

No. 1 Special Issue on Commemoration of the 50th Anniversary of the Foundation of JAST

Special Issues Category Title Authors No. Page

Foreword In Commemoration of the 50th Anniversary of JAST Motohiro Kaneta 1 1
Prologue to the Special Issue on "Commemoration of the 50th Anniversary of JAST" 49th and 50th Editorial Committees of JAST 1 2

Congratulatory Address Congratulatory Address Minister of MEXT Kenji Kosaka 1 3
Enhance Coordination for the Progress of Engineering Technologies Hiroya Taguchi 1 4
Expansion of Chemistry Shinji Murai 1 4
Congratulations on the 50th Anniversary of the Japanese Society of Tribologists Masanori Murakami 1 5
In the Commemoration of the 50th Anniversary Keiichiro Okabe 1 5
In Celebration of the 50th Anniversary of Japanese Society of Tribologists Miki Wadati 1 6
Contribution of Tribology for Electronics Tadao Saito 1 6

Congratulatory Address at the Commemoration Ceremony of the 50th Anniversary of JAST JAST and the Tribology Division of ASME International: Making Headlines for Tribology R. S. Cowan 1 7
JAST and STLE: Allies, Innovators and Leaders in the Global Tribology Community W. E. Wambach 1 10

Essay At the 50th Anniversary of JAST Mitsuru Toyoguchi 1 13
Looking Back over the Down of Lubricants Study Minoru Kashima 1 14
The Importance of Multiformity of the Values Yoshitsugu Kimura 1 15
Wishing for the Future Development of the JAST Yoshihiro Suita 1 16
New Directions of JAST Masato Tanaka 1 17

Record Commemorative Events for the 50th Anniversary Shinya Sasaki 1 18
On the Notable Strides of the Society for Half a Century Yuji Shitara, Koji Miyake, Yuki Sato and Akihito Suzuki 1 23

Outlook The Society Tomorrow Joichi Sugimura 1 56
Tribology
@|Future Direction as a Technology|
Ken'ichi Hiratsuka 1 58
Future Prospects of Tribologists
@|Mission of Tribologists|
Koshi Adachi 1 63

Essay
Masashi Arita, Yuji Enomoto, Koji Kato, Akio Kono, Yuki Sato, Yorikazu Shimotsuma, Tomoko Hirayama, Minoru Fujita, Muneo Mizumoto, Shigeyuki Mori, Masahiro Yanagisawa, Toshiaki Wakabayashi 1 68

No. 2 Special Issue on The Life and Achievements of Frank Philip BOWDEN

Special Issues Category Title Authors No. Page


Prologue to the Special Issue on ''The Life and Achievements of Frank Philip BOWDEN" Akihito Suzuki 2 85

Explanations Dr. F.P.BOWDEN and Tribology Masahisa Matsunaga 2 86
Prof. F.P.BOWDEN in His Later Years Masaya Imai 2 92
The Life of Prof. F.P.BOWDEN Tadashi Sasada 2 98
Stick-Slip Phenomena and Adhesion Theory Takashi Nakano 2 105
Boundary Lubrication in Vacuum and Adsorbed Layers Shigeyuki Mori 2 110
Frictional Temperature Susumu Norose 2 116

Lecture Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy iEDSj Tetsuo Oikawa 2 122

Up-to-date News Report on World Tribology Congress III Takanori Obara 2 127

Original Contributions Conditional Expression for the Occurrence of Stick-Slip Motion Based on the Coulomb Friction Model (Part1)-Formulation and Approximation of Conditional Expression- Ken Nakano and Yasuhito Kikuchi 2 131
Conditional Expression for the Occurrence of Stick-Slip Motion Based on the Coulomb Friction Model (Part2)-Examination of Conditional Expression and Proposal of Simplified Expression- Ken Nakano and Yasuhito Kikuchi 2 140
The Influence of the Sliding Geometry on the Wear of Polyacetal|Selective Transfer Effect of Wear Debris| Masahiro Kada and Masaru Ishikawa 2 147
High Temperature Wear and Friction Properties of Particle Dispersed Ni-Cr Composite Material Kouki Ozaki, Yoshinori Takeichi, Koichi Yamamoto, Tadashi Tanaka and Masao Uemura 2 155
The Influence of Cage on the NRRO of Rotational Frequency of the Cage in a Ball Bearing Shoji Noguchi, Yuuki Uehara, Ken Naruo and Tohru Kanada 2 166
Measurement of Adhesion between Sharp Diamond Indenters and Metals under Engineering Conditions Yasushi Kojima, Masayuki Shima, Tomohiro Motoda, Tatsuhiro Jibiki and Shinya Sasaki 2 172
Improving Adhesion of Diamond-Like Carbon Film Using Laser-Induced Surface Periodic Structures Hiroshi Sawada, Kosuke Kawahara, Takafumi Ninomiya, Atsunobu Mori and Tadahiko Kuroda 2 180

No. 3

Special Issues Category Title Authors No. Page
Commemorative Tribute to Dr. Mitsuru TOYOGUCHI
To The Memory of Dr. Mitsuru TOYOGUCHI
3 189
To The Memory of Dr. Mitsuru TOYOGUCHI
3 190
Brief Biography
3 191
Messages to Tribologists Serial From Lubrication Engineering to Tribology Hiroshi Komiya 3 192

General Survey Modern Tribology in Life Cycle Assessment Koji Kato and Kosuke Ito 3 193

Explanations Tribology in Aero Engine Atsushi Matsuura 3 204
Additive Technology for Automatic Transmission Fluid Kenji Yatsunami 3 211
Viscosity Change of Automatic Transmission Fluid|Comparison between Field Data and Shear Stability Test Results| Hitoshi Hamaguchi and Tsuyoshi Yuki 3 217
Tribo-Simulation Models and Tribo-Design Masato Tanaka 3 223

Lecture Surface Analysis Using High Resolution Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy Jun Yoshinobu 3 230

Up-to-date News Introduction of Tribology to High School Students through Science Partnership Program Masaji Iwasaki and Shinya Sugiyama 3 236

Topics Origin of Words on Tribology and Jyun-Katsu Yorikazu Shimotsuma and Masanori Ogata 3 240

Original Contribution Quantitative Evaluation of Torque and Motion Sensation of Hinges for Mobile PCs Kosei Tanahashi, Hiroyuki Takenoshita and Masao Kohchi 3 246

No. 4 Special Issue on Trends in Environmentally Friendly Lubricants

Special Issues Category Title Authors No. Page


Winners of 2005 Distinguished Tribologist Award
4 259


Winners of 2005 Best Paper Award
4 260


Winners of 2005 Tribo-Technology Award
4 262


Winners of 2005 Award for Young Tribologists
4 265
Messages to Tribologists Serial Keyword is Tribology Toshimi Takajo 4 268
Special Issue on Trends in Environmentally Friendly Lubricants
Prologue to the Special Issue on "Trends in Environmentally Friendly Lubricants" Katsuya Takigawa 4 269
Explanations Environmental Adaptation of Automotive Engine Oils and Their Future Technical Issues Satoshi Ogano 4 270
Trends in Biodegradable Hydraulic Fluids Hiroshi Kawasaki 4 276
Trends in Used Lubricating Oil Recycling Kazuhiko Suzuki 4 282
Trends in Refrigeration Lubricants for Natural Refrigerants and Their Applications Kazuo Tagawa 4 288

Lecture Surface Analysis by Secondary Ion Mass SpectroscopyiSIMSj Toshimitsu Numata 4 294

Original Contributions Low Temperature Degradation of Lubricant Oil for Gasoline Engine Hiroshi Moritani and Hiromi Kawai 4 300
Sealing Characteristics of Flat Metallic Gasket|Observation of Contacting State Using Thin Polycarbonate Film| Yoshio Matsuzaki, Isami Nitta, Yutaka Ito, Munetoshi Ikegami and Satoshi Hasegawa 4 308
Depletion and Replenishment of Molecularly Thin PFPE Lubricant Film on DLC Surface of Magnetic Disks Yasunaga Mitsuya, Hedong Zhang, Fumihiro Hayakawa, Junichi Ohgi and Kenji Fukuzawa 4 316
A New Technique for the Simultaneous Measurement of Thickness and Coverage of Boundary Film with Complex Impedance Analysis Yoh Akiyama and Ken Nakano 4 328

No. 5 Special Issue on Energy Saving and Tribology

Special Issues Category Title Authors No. Page
Messages to Tribologists Serial What is the Difference between Guitars and Violins? Takashi Nakamura 5 339
Special Issue on Energy Saving and Tribology
Prologue to the Special Issue on "Energy Saving and Tribology" Moritsugu Kasai 5 340
Explanations Energy Saving and Tribology in Rolling Bearings Kazutoshi Toda 5 341
Energy Saving and Tribology in Plain Bearings Atsushi Okado and Arihiro Kimura 5 347
Energy Saving and Tribology in Impregnated Sintered Bearings Shigeyuki Tanabe 5 353
Energy Saving and Tribology in Oil Seals Shinji Nagasawa 5 359
Energy Saving and Tribology in Gears Kazuteru Nagamura 5 365
Energy Saving and Tribology in Hydraulic Devices for Construction Machinery Genroku Sugiyama 5 371

Lecture Transmission Electron Microscopy Tokushi Kizuka 5 377

Original Contributions Friction and Anti-Wear Characteristics of Ashless Friction Modifiers in the Presence of Sulfur and Phosphorus (S-P) Type Additive Shigeyuki Gotoh and Masayoshi Muraki 5 383
Effect of Roller Profile on Characteristics of Spherical Roller Bearing (Part 1)|Examination Using a Quasi-Static Analysis Program| Tomoya Sakaguchi and Yoshinobu Akamatsu 5 391
Effect of Roller Profile on Characteristics of Spherical Roller Bearing (Part 2)|Experimental Validation of the Quasi-Static Analysis in Terms of Bearing Torque| Tomoya Sakaguchi and Yoshinobu Akamatsu 5 400
Compensation for Flying-Height Loss due to Thermal Protrusion of Magnetic Head|Comparison of Optical Measurement Using an Active Slider with Built-In Thermal Actuator and Numerical Simulation Results| Masayuki Kurita, Toshiya Shiramatsu, Kouji Miyake, Hideaki Tanaka, Mike Suk and Shozo Saegusa 5 406

No. 6 Special Issue on Tribology in Advanced Science

Special Issues Category Title Authors No. Page
Messages to Tribologists Serial An Encounter with Rolling Bearings Shoji Noguchi 6 417
Special Issue on Tribology in Advanced Science
Prologue to the Special Issue on "Tribology in Advanced Science" Hiroyuki Ohta 6 418
Explanations Tribology in the H-IIA Rocket and Satellites Masataka Nosaka and Shingo Obara 6 419
Tribology in the Large Scale Telescope "SUBARU" Sadaji Hayama 6 426
Tribological Approach for Structural Control Technology Jun Hirai 6 432
Tribology in "Shinkansen" Takanori Obara 6 438
Tribology in the Walking Humanoid Robot Shuuji Kajita 6 444

Lecture Ellipsometry Toshiyasu Tadokoro 6 450

Original Contributions Wear Properties of Bi-Added Cu-Base Sintered Alloys Sliding under Electric Current Kazuyuki Handa and Shunichi Kubo 6 456
Analysis of Contact Stiffness for Coated Surface Using Uniformly Distributed Pressure Model, and Measurement of Young's Modulus of Thin Hard Film Tomohiro Motoda, Masayuki Shima, Shinya Sasaki and Koji Miyake 6 463

No. 7 Special Issue on Control Technologies and Utilization of Friction and Wear

Special Issues Category Title Authors No. Page


The Valediction by the Ex-President Motohiro Kaneta 7 481


The Inaugural Address by the President Koji Kato 7 482
Messages to Tribologists Serial An Challenge to Produce New Industry Based on Tribology Kazuo Hokkirigawa 7 484
Special Issue on Control Technologies and Utilization of Friction and Wear
Prologue to the Special Issue on "Control Technologies and Utilization of Friction and Wear" Makoto Hemmi 7 485
Explanations Control of Friction in Automobiles: Vehicle Control and Tire Contact Force Yoshihiro Suda 7 486
Advanced Control Technology for Braking Systems in Railway Vehicles Masanobu Nankyo 7 493
Wear Control of Ultrasonic Motors for Precision Positioning Koshi Adachi 7 499
Control of Polishing Properties Using Magnetic and Electric Fields Noritsugu Umehara and Yoichi Akagami 7 506
Dynamical Mechanisms of Chemical Mechanical Polishing Based on the Frictional Characteristics Yoshio Homma 7 512

Lecture Nanoindentation Koji Miyake, Tomohiro Motoda and Shinya Sasaki 7 518

Original Contributions Optimization of Reynolds Equation and Application of CIP Method for Analysis of Mixed Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication Kazunori Ichimaru 7 524
New Evaluation Method for Lubricity of Hot-Rolling Oil Using SRV Test Machine Akira Azushima, Wei-dong Xue and Koshiro Aoki 7 532

No. 8 Special Issue on Tribology in Home Appliances and Office Automation Equipment

Special Issues Category Title Authors No. Page
Messages to Tribologists Serial Tribology: The World of Environmentally Friendly Technology Toshiaki Wakabayashi 8 557
Special Issue on Tribology in Home Appliances and Office Automation Equipment
Prologue to the Special Issue on "Tribology in Home Appliances and Office Automation Equipment" Takanori Obara 8 558
Explanations Tribology in Compressors for Home Appliances Hideto Nakao and Koei Matsukawa 8 559
Tribology in Oil-Impregnated Sintered Bearing for Fan Motors Takeshi Yanase 8 565
Tribology in Plastic Sliding Materials for Office Automation Equipment Shin-ya Kikutani 8 571
Tribology in Liquid Crystal Displays Shizuo Murata 8 577

Lecture Infrared Spectroscopy Hidetaka Nanao and Shigeyuki Mori 8 583

Report of Research Group The Report of Joint Research on the Lubricating Grease Life and the Degradation Process of Urea Greases Research Group on Lubricating Greases 8 589

Original Contributions Quantification of Surface Morphology of Lubricant Films with Functional End Groups by Using Molecular Dynamics Simulation|Periodic Change of Morphology Depending on Film Thickness| Susumu Ogata, Hedong Zhang, Kenji Fukuzawa and Yasunaga Mitsuya 8 595
Development of Diagnosis System for Machines Using Compound Detection of Acoustic Emission and VibrationiPart 1j|Introduction and Performance Evaluation of the System| Takeo Yoshioka, Shigeo Shimizu, Hiroki Mano, Atsushi Korenaga, Hidehiro Inaba and Toshiaki Wakabayashi 8 607

No. 9 Special Issue on Micro/Nanotribology for Automobiles

Special Issues Category Title Authors No. Page
Messages to Tribologists Serial Thanks to Tribology Koji Kato 9 619
Special Issue on Micro/Nanotribology for Automobiles
Prologue to the Special Issue on "Micro/Nanotribology for Automobiles" Akemi Ito 9 620
Explanations In-Situ Observation of Micro/Nanofilms under Shearing Conditions Shigeyuki Mori 9 621
Mechanism of Friction Reduction and Nanoscale Controlling Factors in MoDTC/ZDDP Tribofilms Jiping Ye 9 627
Tribological Properties of Nanomultilayer Coatings for Piston Rings Kiyoyuki Kawai 9 633
Increase of Traction Coefficient due to Microtexture on Surface Toshikazu Nanbu and Yoshiteru Yasuda 9 639

Lecture Raman Spectroscopy Masaaki Yumoto 9 645

Original Contributions Rolling Contact Fatigue Characteristics of Ball Made of Newly Developed Bearing Steel with Addition of Si and Mo Hiroshi Ohsaki, Ryousuke Ano, Akira Yoshida, Masahiro Fujii and Katsuhiro Iwasaki 9 652
A Study on Sliding -Rolling Contact Fatigue of Maraging Steel Roller Yuji Ohue, Koji Matsumoto and Katsumi Yamano 9 660
Visualization of Dewetting of Nanometer Thick Lubricant Kenji Fukuzawa, Taichi Shimuta, Tomohiko Yoshida, Hedong Zhang and Yasunaga Mitsuya 9 668
Effects of Chromium Content on Wear Resistance of Ni-Hard Cast Irons Haruhiro Osada, Motohiro Kaneta, Ken Okada and Asahiko Ishiyama 9 676

No. 10 Special Issue on Tribology in Medical Care and Welfare

Special Issues Category Title Authors No. Page
Messages to Tribologists Serial Hope to be Faithful and Truthful to Needs in Age and Academia Takashi Yamamoto 10 687
Special Issue on Tribology in Medical Care and Welfare
Prologue to the Special Issue on "Tribology in Medical Care and Welfare" Yoshinori Takeichi 10 688
Explanations Tribology in Medical Care, Welfare and Life Ken Ikeuchi 10 689
Tribology in Restorative Dental Materials Hisao Fukui 10 695
Tribology in Prosthetics and Orthotics Makoto Ninomiya and Katsuya Masuda 10 701
Tribological Experiment for Evaluation of Friction and Wear in Joint Prostheses Teruo Murakami 10 707
Hemodynamic Tribology in Artificial Hearts Takashi Yamane, Masahiro Nishida, Osamu Maruyama and Ryo Kosaka 10 713
Biotribology in Biomaterials Kiyoshi Mabuchi and Rina Sakai 10 719

Explanation Flexible Tactile Sensors Using Organic Transistors Takao Someya 10 725

Lecture Friction Force Microscope: Fundamentals and Applications Masamichi Fujihira and Miki Akiyama 10 731

Original Contributions Development of Micro Traction Drive Modified from Tapered Roller Bearings Isamu Shiotsu, Susumu Matsumoto, Yasuyoshi Tozaki, Takeshi Yoshimi and Syuichi Isayama 10 736
Generation Process of White Etching Area in Rolling Contact Fatigue Kazuhiko Hiraoka, Misaki Nagao, Harushige Tsubakino and Atushi Yamamoto 10 744
Correlation of Abrasive Wear Phenomenon and AE Signals Alan Hase, Masaki Wada and Hiroshi Mishina 10 752

No. 11 Special Issue on Does Tribology Describe Wear Scientifically?

Special Issues Category Title Authors No. Page
Messages to Tribologists Serial Between Study and Development Yasuhisa Ando 11 763
Special Issue on Does Tribology Describe Wear Scientifically?
Prologue to the Special Issue on "Does Tribology Describe Wear Scientifically?" Takashi Nakano and Hiroshi Mishina 11 764
Explanations The Present State and Near Future Trend of Wear Research Koji Kato 11 766
What is the Fundamental Phenomenon of Wear? Hiroshi Mishina 11 773
Relation between Frictional Work and Wear|Does Tribology Describe Wear Scientifically?| The late Akio Kohno 11 779
Wear as an Earth Science Tadashi Sasada 11 782
Does the Adhesive Theory Describe Wear Scientifically? Yasuhisa Ando 11 788
Severe Wear and Mild Wear|Their Ontology, Epistemology and Axiology| Ken'ichi Hiratsuka 11 794
Is Wear Well Described Scientifically Now? Takashi Nakano 11 800

Lecture Electron Spin Resonance(ESR) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance(NMR) Masahiro Yanagisawa 11 806

Original Contributions Running Performance of Tandem Stages Type Traction Drive Modified from Angular Contact Ball Bearings Isamu Shiotsu, Susumu Matsumoto, Yasuyoshi Tozaki, Takeshi Yoshimi and Syuichi Isayama 11 812
TOF-SIMS Analysis of Boundary Film Derived from Multi-Additives Tomoo Kubo, Hidetaka Nanao, Ichiro Minami, Shigeyuki Mori and Toshihiko Ichihashi 11 819
Relationship between Structure and Tribological Properties of Ionic Liquids Composed of Imidazolium Cations Hideto Kamimura, Takeru Chiba, Tomoo Kubo, Hidetaka Nanao, Ichiro Minami and Shigeyuki Mori 11 826
Mechanism of Sliding Friction in Air for Molybdenum Disulfide Films Sputtered onto SUS440C Steel Rollers Kiyonori Koguma, Michiaki Ikeda, Kenji Sunahara, Kenji Matsuda and Motohiro Kaneta 11 835

No. 12 Special Issue on Challenge to Superlubricity

Special Issues Category Title Authors No. Page
Messages to Tribologists Serial Collaboration Develops Tribology Yoshiro Iwai 12 847
Special Issue on Challenge to Superlubricity
Prologue to the Special Issue on " Challenge to Superlubricity" Takashi Nakano 12 848
Explanations Overview of the Study on Superlubricity Motohisa Hirano 12 849
Mechanism of Superlubricity Naruo Sasaki and Kouji Miura 12 855
Superlow Friction by Nitrogen Gas Koshi Adachi 12 861
Superlow Friction of Polymer Gel Jian Ping Gong 12 867
Superlow Friction of Solid Lubricants in Vacuum Masanori Iwaki 12 873
Superlubricity of C60 Molecular Bearings and Its Application Kouji Miura and Naruo Sasaki 12 879

Original Contributions Analysis of Traction Properties of Fluids Using Molecular Dynamics Simulations (Part 1) |Determination of the Appropriate Simulation Conditions| Hitoshi Washizu, Shuzo Sanda, Toshihide Ohmori and Atsushi Suzuki 12 885
Analysis of Traction Properties of Fluids Using Molecular Dynamics Simulations (Part 2)|Analysis of Molecular Mechanism of Traction Focusing on Intra-and Intermolecular Interaction| Hitoshi Washizu, Shuzo Sanda, Toshihide Ohmori and Atsushi Suzuki 12 892
Effect of Applied Electric Voltage on the Tribological Characteristics of a-CNx Film Sliding against Stainless Steel Ball Takahiro Yamamoto, Noritsugu Umehara and Yoshio Fuwa 12 900
Study on Gas Pumping Characteristics in Radial Lip Seals Joichi Sugimura, Seigo Gondo, Yuji Yamamoto, Shinya Nakaoka and Yuki Sato 12 906
Effect of Retention Time in Vacuum on Analytical Values by EPMA for Oxygen Contents and S/Mo Ratio of Molybdenum Disulfide Sputtered films Kiyonori Koguma, Michiaki Ikeda, Nobuhiko Ota, Kenji Matsuda and Motohiro Kaneta 12 913
Effect of Permeability and Groove on Friction Characteristics between Web and Steel Roller Masashi Sasaki and Hiromu Hashimoto 12 921