Volume 52 (2007)

No. 1 Special Issue on Surface Modification Technology

Special Issues Category Title Authors No. Page

Foreword New Year's Greetings to the Members of Society of Tribologists Koji Kato 1 1
Messages to Tribologists Serial Science Tribology and Engineering Tribology Noritsugu Umehara 1 2
Special Issue on Surface Modification Technology
Prologue to the Special Issue on "Surface Modification Technology" Yasutaka Ito 1 3
Explanations Plating Technology and Tribology Takeo Oshimi 1 4
Recent Trend of PVD Technology Atsuo Kawana 1 10
Recent Trend of CVD Technology Junji Ogawa 1 16
Application of Thermal Spraying Technology in Tribology Shinya Sasaki 1 22
Creation and Control of Functional Interface Utilizing Particle Jet Technology Tsunemoto Kuriyagawa 1 28
Deposition Technology and Application of DLC and Diamond Films Shojiro Miyake 1 34

Original Contributions Lubrication Mechanism between Wave Generator and Flexspline in Strain Wave Gearing under In-Vacuum and In-Air Environments|Measurement of Contact Electric Resistance between Mechanical Elements| Kazuaki Maniwa and Shingo Obara 1 40
Mixed Lubrication Analysis between Wave Generator and Flexspline in Strain Wave Gearing|Numerical Analysis under Load-Torque Applying Operation| Kazuaki Maniwa and Shingo Obara 1 51
Optimization of Groove Geometry for Thrust Air Bearing to Maximize Bearing Stiffness|Optimization Method of Groove Geometry and Its Experimental Verification| Hiromu Hashimoto, Masayuki Ochiai, Hiroshi Hara and Tadashi Nanba 1 62
Effect of Storage Period in Air Atmosphere on Wear Life and Adhesion Strength of Bilayer Films Composed of Molybdenum Disulfide Films with Different Densities Kiyonori Koguma, Michiaki Ikeda, Kenji Matsuda and Motohiro Kaneta 1 75
Friction and Wear Properties of PTFE Irradiated by Electron-Beam Hajime Nishi, Yoshitaka Uchiyama, Tomoaki Iwai and Kazuhiro Hosokawa 1 82
Wear Life of Molybdenum Disulfide Solid-Lubricated Bearings Operated in a Vacuum and of Molybdenum Disulfide Films Sputtered onto SUS 440 C Rollers Operated in Air Atmosphere|Effect of Relative Humidity in Air Exposure of Specimens and Retention Time under Test Atmospheres on Wear Life| Kiyonori Koguma, Michiaki Ikeda, Kenji Sunahara, Kenji Matsuda and Motohiro Kaneta 1 90

No. 2 Special Issue on New Tribo-Materials and Their Applications

Special Issues Category Title Authors No. Page
Messages to Tribologists Serial Lubrication Oil is a Kind of Material Nobuyoshi Ohno 2 99
Special Issue on New Tribo-Materials and Their Applications
Prologue to the Special Issue on "New Tribo-Materials and Their Applications" Takeshi Yamaguchi 2 100
Explanations Tribological Properties and Applications of Metallic Glasses Akihisa Inoue and Nobuyuki Nishiyama 2 101
Tribological Properties and Applications of High Silicon Precipitation Hardened Stainless Steel Yoshiyuki Shimizu 2 107
Tribological Properties and Applications of Hard Porous Carbon Materials "RB Ceramics" Takeshi Yamaguchi and Kazuo Hokkirigawa 2 114
Tribological Properties and Applications of Si-Containing Diamond-Like Carbon Film Junji Ando and Kazuyuki Nakanishi 2 120
Tribological Properties and Applications of PEEK Material Tomoharu Akagaki 2 126
Tribological Properties and Applications of Titanium-Based Composites in Water Yuko Hibi 2 132

Original Contributions/
Short Paper
Analysis on Minimum Oil Film Thickness of EHL Elliptical Contracts by Using Multilevel Methods Takafumi Yoshida, Yasuyoshi Tozaki and Susumu Matsumoto 2 138
Tribological Properties of MoS2 Films Sputtered by Argon and Fluorocarbon Mixture Kazuhito Sagara and Makoto Nishimura 2 148
Investigation of Viscous Recovery of Lithium Soap Greases Measured Using a Rotational Rheometer Tomokazu Akutsu, Masafumi Masuko and Akihito Suzuki 2 156
Metal Materials with Low Friction Coefficient to the CVD Diamond in both of the Atmosphere and a Vacuum Akio Motoi, Kenichi Gotou, Kazutaka Kanda and Shigeto Takano 2 165

No. 3

Special Issues Category Title Authors No. Page
Messages to Tribologists Serial Dreams of Tribologists and the Roles of Japanese Society of Tribologists Mitsuo Okada 3 173


Explanations
Ethics for Engineers Tadashi Koga 3 174
Analysis of Traction Properties Using Molecular Dynamics Simulations Hitoshi Washizu and Toshihide Ohmori 3 180
Application and Technical Issues of DLC Coating Makoto Kano 3 186
Surface Modification of CVD Diamond and Their Tribological Properties Yukihiro Sakamoto 3 192
Friction and Wear Properties of PEEK Lining Bearing Yutaka Yamada 3 198
Design for Improving the Rotational Accuracy of Rolling Bearing and Tribological Problems Shoji Noguchi 3 204
Movement of the International Standard for Life Calculation of Rolling Bearings Takashi Sada 3 210
Lubricating Oil Specifications and Quality Management Systems in Japan Hitoshi Hamaguchi 3 216
Original Contributions Influence of Sliding Width on the Limiting PV Value of Polyacetal Masahiro Kada and Masaru Ishikawa 3 223

No. 4 Special Issue on Applications and Research Trends of High Performance Base Oils

Special Issues Category Title Authors No. Page
Messages to Tribologists Serial Transition of Energy Industry and Tribology Makoto Mikami 4 247
Special Issue on Applications and Research Trends of High Performance Base Oils

Prologue to the Special Issue on "Applications and Research Trends of High Performance Base Oils" Akira Watanabe 4 248

Explanations
Features and Recent Trends of High Performance Base Oils Meishi Tanaka 4 249
Applications and Research Trends of High Performance Base Oils for Engine Oils Yasushi Naitoh 4 255
Applications and Research Trends of High Performance Base Oils for Drive Train Lubricants Mark Devlin, Tze-Chi Jao and Kenji Yatsunami 4 261
Applications and Research Trends of High Performance Base Oils for Industrial Lubricants Shinichi Mitsumoto 4 267
Applications and Research Trends of High Performance Synthetic Base Oils for Lubricating Greases Yuji Onuki and Hiroshi Kimura 4 273
Additives for High Performance Base Oils Hirokazu Saito 4 279




Original Contributions Thickness Change of Thin Lubricant Film on Thin-Film Magnetic Disks under Flying Head Kenji Yanagisawa, Youichi Kawakubo and Masato Yoshino 4 285
Improvement of Stability of Small Bore Journal Bearing with Oil Supply Groove by Using Starved Lubrication and Bearing Orientation Angle Change
-Experimental Study-
Masayuki Ochiai, Takashi Yatagai and Hiromu Hashimoto 4 293
Improvements of Frictional Properties of B-C Sputtered Thin Films by CH4 Gas Introduction Masao Kohzaki 4 303
Effect of Surface Periodic Structures on Lubrication Properties of SiC in Water Hiroshi Sawada, Kosuke Kawahara and Atsunobu Mori 4 310

No. 5 Special Issue on Environmental Friendliness of Tribomaterials

Special Issues Category Title Authors No. Page
Messages to Tribologists Serial Special Characteristics of JAST Hisao@Yamada 5 321
Special Issue on Environmental Friendliness of Tribomaterials

Prologue to the Special Issue on "Environmental Friendliness of Tribomaterials" Takahisa Kimijima 5 322

Explanations
Trends in Heavy Metal Regulations for Automotive Industry Takumaru Sagawa 5 323
Trends of Development in Lead-Free Bearing Materials for Automobile Engines Kouji Kuroda and Yukihiko Kagohara 5 329
Recent Technology Trends in Bearings for Special Environments Hiroyuki htou 5 335
Applications of Environmentally Friendly Greases for Precision Instruments Ko Yaegashi and Hiroshi Kimura 5 341
Trends in Standardization of Lubricants for Food Processing Sanitation Environments Satoshi Kashiwaya 5 347
Trend in Environmentally Friendly Tribomaterials Akihiro Tanaka 5 353




Original Contributions Influence of Parameters on the Transient Traction of Wheel/Rail Contact under Low-Speed and Wet Conditions Koan-Sok Bake , Keiji Kyogoku and Tsunamitsu Nakahara 5 359
Friction Characteristics of FC200 Plain Bearing under Grease Lubrication Keigo Fukunaga 5 367
Rolling Contact Fatigue Characteristics of Newly Developed Bearing Steel wtih Addition of Si and Mo under Quasi-High Temperature Hiroshi Ohsaki,Ryousuke Ano,Yuji Ohue,Masahiro Fujii and Akira Yoshida 5 373
Measuring Separation Gap and Visualizing a Real Contact Area Using White Light Spacer Interferometry and HSV Color Space
-Verification for Resolution of 3nm Thickness-
Masao Eguchi and@Takashi Yamamoto 5 381

No. 6 Special Issue on Tribology for New Magnetic Recording Systems

Special Issues Category Title Authors No. Page
Special Issue on Tribology for New Magnetic Recording Systems

Prologue to the Special Issue on "Tribology for New Magnetic Recording Systems" Ryuji Tsuchiyama 6 393

Explanations
Approaches for High-Density Perpendicular Magnetic Recording Hajime Aoi 6 394
Issues and Recent Research Topics of Thin Film Media for Perpendicular Magnetic Recording@@@ Takehito Shimatsu 6 400
Discrete Track Recording Media and Its Tribological Challenges in Head/Disk Interface Shoji Suzuki,Paul Dorsey and Maik Duwensee,Translated by Ryuji Tsuchiyama 6 406
Flying Slider with Near-Field Element and Light Guide Structure for Heat Assisted Magnetic Recording Masakazu Hirata 6 412
High Density Proximity Optical Recording and Its Applicability for Heat Assisted Magnetic Recording Toshifumi Ohkubo 6 418




Original Contributions Effect of Environmental Condition on Tribological Properties of a DLC Film Ken-ichi Miura,Kei Demizu,Morimasa Nakamura and Itsuo Ishigami 6 424
Prediction of Paper-Web Wrinkling under Transportation by Traction Force Hiromu Hashimoto,Yasuhiro Ibi and Shigeyoshi Kiribe 6 434
Structural Change of Lubricating Grease Considered from Viscous Reduction by Shear Tomokazu Akutsu,Masabumi Masuko and Akihito Suzuki 6 445
Optimization of Groove Geometry for Thrust Air Bearing according to Various Objective Functions Tadashi Nanba and Hiromu Hashimo 6 453

No. 7 Special Issue on Recent Developments of Numerical Simulation

Special Issues Category Title Authors No. Page
Special Issue on Recent Developments of Numerical Simulation

Prologue to the Special Issue on "Recent Developments of Numerical Simulation" Kentaro Tanaka 7 479

Explanations
Trends of Numerical Simulation Technology in Tribology Naoya Sasaki,Tomio Iwasaki and Eiji Ishii 7 480
Development of Tribology Simulator Based on Quantum Chemical Molecular Dynamics and Its Application to Tribochemical Reaction Dynamics Tasuku Onodera, Michihisa Koyama,Momoji Kubo and Akira Miyamoto 7 488
Numerical Simulation of Continuum Mechanics Using Particle Methods Seiichi koshizuka 7 495
Molecular Dynamics Analysis of Microcutting Mechanism Shoichi Shimada and Hiroaki Tanaka 7 501
Multiscale Simulation Methodology of Molecular Membranes Masuhiro Mikami 7 507
Multiscale Analysis of Thermo-Fluid Phenomena in CVD Process Yukinori Sakiyama 7 513
Mathematical Characteristics and Numerical Scheme of Molecular Gas-Film Lubrication Problems-Application of CIP Method- Shigehisa Fukui 7 519




Original Contributions Tribological Properties of Aluminum-Silicon Alloy Lubricated with Biodegradable Lubricants Masayoshi Muraki,Hideyuki Oshima,Koichi Washino and Atsushi Suzuki 7 525
Optimization of Winding Tension for Preventing Wrinkle and Slippage in Wound Roll of Films Hiromu Hashimoto and Shigeyoshi Kiribe 7 533
Life Distribution and Its Data Analysis for Deep Groove Ball Bearings under Grease Lubrication Shigeo Shimizu,Hirokazu Shimoda and Takeo Yoshioka 7 546

No. 8 Special Issue on Hydration Lubrication and Its Developments

Special Issues Category Title Authors No. Page
Special Issue on Hydration Lubrication and Its Developments

Prologue to the Special Issue on "Hydration Lubrication and Its Developments" Kenfichi@Hiratsuka 8 567

Explanations
The Prospects of Progress in Studies and Applications on Hydration Lubrication Ken Ikeuchi 8 568
Surface Gel Hydration Lubrication in Animal Joints Tadashi Sasada 8 573
Hydration Lubrication and Adsorbed Film Formation in Artificial Joints Teruo Murakami 8 579
Physics of Sliding Friction of Gels Takahiro Nitta and Kazushige Kawabata 8 586
Structural Control of Water-Lubricated Interfaces Hidetaka Nanao,Shigeyuki Mori and Ichiro Minami 8 592
Development of a Bearing with Hydrated Materials Yoshitaka Nakanishi and Hidehiko Higaki 8 598
Water Lubrication of Ceramics Koshi Adachi 8 604

@Lecture

@Introduction to Lubricating Oil Additive

Takeo Nakayama 8 611




Original Contributions A Study on Constructing Wear Map of Gears Tokihiko Taki 8 615

A Study of Electric Pitting for Small Ball Bearings(Part 1j-Electric Pitting Outbreak Limit Electric Current Density of Ball Bearing 608 in Case of the Direct Current Voltage-

Shoji Noguchi,Hirotaka Akamatsu and Atsushi Korenaga 8 622

No. 9 Special Issue on Tribology in Future Automobile Engines

Special Issues Category Title Authors No. Page
Special Issue on Tribology in Future Automobile Engines

Explanations
Tribology in Future Automobile Engines Hidetaka Nohira 9 635
Thermal Management and Tribology in Engines Hideo Kobayashi and Takashi Matsutani 9 639
Tribology in Variable Compression Ratio Engines Kenshi Ushijima 9 645
Tribology in Diesel Fuel Injection Systems Katsumi Mori and Tetsuya Toyao 9 651
Future Trends in Automobile Engine Oils Kazuhiro Yagishita 9 657
Tribology of Alternative Fuels for Diesel Engines Mitsuharu Oguma and Shinichi Goto 9 663
Tribology in Variable Valve Timing and Lift Systems Noriaki Fujii 9 669

@Lecture

@Oiliness Agent and Friction Modifier

Noriyoshi Tanaka 9 675




Original Contributions Development of Friction Test Apparatus for Slide-Guide Way of Machine Tool Takashi Norihisa,Fumihiro Itoigawa,Takashi Nakamura and Hajime Nakao 9 679

Influence of Alkyl Group and Molecular Weight of Polyalkylmethacrylates on Oil Film Formability

Kenta Nakamura and Masayoshi Muraki 9 687

No. 10 Special Issue on Learning Tribology Delightfully

Special Issues Category Title Authors No. Page
Messages to Tribologists Serial Tribology and Rolling Bearings Hirotoshi ARAMAKI 10 703
Special Issue on Learning Tribology Delightfully

Prologue to the Special Issue on "Learning Tribology Delightfully" Yasuhisa ANDO 10 704

Explanations
Proposal for a Tribology Class for High School Students Yasuhiro KUDO 10 705
Practice of the Tribology Education that Uses Experimental Setups for University Students Shoji NOGUCHI 10 711
Tribology Experiments for Chidren Using the Tops Atsushi KORENAGA and Hiroki MANO 10 717
Tribology for Playing the Guitar Ken'ichi HIRATSUKA 10 723
@@@ Report of Research Group Note on Experiments on Friction Yasuhisa ANDO 10 729




Original Contributions Effects of Electric Current on the Wear of Current Collector Yoshio KIMURA,Hiroshi MISHINA and Tatsuo OHMORI 10 737
Influences of Eccentric Loads on Fatigue Life of Ball Bearings Tatsuo OHMORI and Takehiro WATANABE 10 744

No. 11 Special Issue on Tribology in Special Environment

Special Issues Category Title Authors No. Page
Messages to Tribologists Serial Director's Work Isami NITTA 11 757
Special Issue on Tribology in Special Environment

Prologue to the Special Issue on
"Tribology in Special Environment"
Tetsuya OKUMURA 11 758

Explanations
Tribology in Low Temperature Environmen Masataka NOSAKI 11 759
Tribology in Special Gas Environmen Kazuyuki MIZUHARA 11 765
Tribology in Vacuum Environmen Masahiro TOSA,Akira KASAHARA and Masahiro GOTO 11 771
Rolling Bearings in Clean Environmen Hiroshi ONO and Yoshiki FUJII 11 777
Tribology in Seawater Environmen Tsuyoshi KAWAZOE and Tetsuya OKUMURA 11 783
@@@ Lecture Viscosity Index Improver Hideo TANAKA 11 789




Original Contributions Study on Static Load Distribution of Ball Screw with Gothic Arc Groove Takafumi YOSHIDA,Yasuyoshi TOZAKI, Naoki KATO,Shiki MATSUO and Susumu MATSUMOTO 11 793
Experimental Evaluation of Dominant Factors in Friction Coefficients between Different Metals Yasuhisa ANDO,Hideyuki TAKAHASHI and Ken'ichi HIRATSUKA 11 801
Effect of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide on Tribological Characteristics of Polymer (Part1)|Friction and Wear Properties of Polymer with Impregnated Carbon Dioxide| Toshihiko SEKINE and Takashi YAMAMOTO 11 809
Measurement of Oil Film Thickness and Wear of Nanometer Scale under Pure Sliding Condition with Ultra-Thin Film Interferometry Hiroshi SHIOMI,Sho MAKINO and Joichi SUGIMURA 11 818

No. 12 Special Issue on Visualization Technologies for Tribological Analysis

Special Issues Category Title Authors No. Page
Messages to Tribologists Serial A Relation of Author and Tribology Akitoshi TAKEUCHI 12 829
Special Issue on Visualization Technologies for Tribological Analysis
Prologue to the Special Issue on gVisualization Technologies for Tribological Analysish Tomomi HONDA 12 830

Explanations
Visualization Technologies of Micro/Nano Tribological Behaviors Kenji FUKUZAWA and Mitsuhiro SHIKIDA 12 831
Visualization Technologies with High Temporal Resolution for Catching a Moment Hideaki KUSANO,Hiroya MITA and Nobuyuki TOKUOKA 12 837
Visualization Technologies of Real Contact Area Isami NITTA 12 843
Visualization Technologies of Sliding Friction and Wear Processes Youichi KAWAKUBO 12 849
Visualization Technologies for Lubricating Behaviors under Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication Conditions Kazuyuki YAGI 12 855
Visualization Technologies for Sealing Devices Yuki SATO 12 861
@@@ Lecture Pour Point Depressants Akiyuki HIRADE 12 867




Original Contributions TOF-SIMS Analysis of Boundary Lubrication Film Derived form Multi-Additives (Part2) -Chemical Analysis with Depth Profiling- Tomoo KUBO,Hidetaka NANAO,Ichiro MINAMI,Shigeyuki MORI and Toshihiko ICHIHASHI 12 871
Influence of Critical Solubility Temperature on Scuffing Characteristics of Hydrofluorocarbon Refrigerants and Ester Oil Mixture Hideto NAKAO,Tetsuzo MATSUGI and Kenji YANO 12 880
Generation Process Observation of Micro-Structural Change in Rolling Contact Fatigue by Hydrogen-Charged Specimens Kazuhiko HIRAOKA,Takeshi FUJIMATSU,Norimasa TSUNEKAGE and Atsushi YAMAMOTO 12 888
Density of Lubricant at Solid-Liquid Interface Measured by Neutron Reflectometry (Part1) -In the Case of DLC Films Having Various Surface Energies and Water- Tomoko HIRAYAMA,Tomoki UNO,Takashi MATSUOKA,Kazuko INOUE,Toru EBISAWA,Seiji TASAKI,Masahiro HINO and Naoya TORIKAI 12 896
Increasing Friction Coefficient in Wet Clutch with ATF Containing Sulfur Compounds Mamoru TOHYAMA,Atsushi MURASE, Naoko TAKAHASHI and Toshihide OHMORI 12 904